During your apprenticeship, you will be directly involved in a department of your apprenticing company. Not only will you be professionally prepared for your future working life, but you will also have daily contact with your colleagues in the company or classmates at the vocational school. This will help you improve the language and get to know the culture and life in Germany better.
How does an apprenticeship work?
What are the prerequisites for an apprenticeship?
In order to start an apprenticeship in Germany, certain prerequisites must be met. Here you will find an overview of what they are.
Note: The options you have when you want to start an apprenticeship may also be very individual. For example, you can get advice from the Fachinformationszentrum Zuwanderung if you need help.
Requirements for right of residence:
Proof of a dual or school-based apprenticeship position
To obtain a residence permit for the purpose of an apprenticeship, proof of a dual or school-based apprenticeship is required. This means that you first need a confirmed apprenticeship position in order to be able to obtain a residence permit. It is important that it is a qualified apprenticeship. This is the case if the apprenticeship lasts at least 2 years.
Language skills at least at level B1
The training is in German. Your German language skills should be at least level B1. This is important so that you can communicate well in the vocational school and your apprenticing company and also understand everything that is explained to you. In exceptional cases, your apprenticing company can also confirm that your current language level is sufficient for the apprenticeship, even if it is lower than B1. You can also take a language course before starting or during your apprenticeship to improve your language skills.
Proof of a secured income
You must prove that you can maintain your livelihood. For this, it is necessary that you earn at least 832€ per month (2022). With dual apprenticeship, you receive a salary every month. If your salary is equal to the minimum amount of 832€, it proves that you can maintain your livelihood.
Attention: In the case of school-based apprenticeship, you will not be paid a salary. This means that you must otherwise prove that your livelihood is secure. In this case, or also if your apprenticeship salary is too low in the case of dual apprenticeship, a blocked account can be opened.
A blocked account is a bank account whose balance you can use to prove that your livelihood in Germany is secured. Only a certain amount can be withdrawn from a blocked account each month. This ensures that sufficient financial resources are available.
If your apprenticeship salary is not enough to cover your living expenses:
- Apprenticeship allowance can be obtained by all apprentices who have German citizenship. If you are from the EU, you can also apply for apprenticeship allowance. However, people who are not from the EU can also receive this aid under certain conditions. More information is available from the Federal Employment Agency.
- In addition, you have the opportunity to work up to 10 hours per week alongside your apprenticeship. The job does not need to have anything to do with your apprenticeship and can also be in a different line of business.
What do I get out of an apprenticeship?
So that you can plan your professional future well, it is helpful to know,
what advantages and perspectives there are for you in an apprenticeship:
And after the apprenticeship?
After you have completed your apprenticeship, there are various paths you can take:
- Continue to work in your training company
Here you already have a head start, as you have been able to get to know the company’s daily routine, work processes and colleagues during your apprenticeship and are already part of the team. Sometimes, however, there is no possibility to stay in the company after finishing the apprenticeship.
- Work in another company
You are not bound to your apprenticing company. If you can’t or don’t want to continue working there, you can also use your degree to apply for a job of your learned profession at other companies. If you are not from the EU and have successfully completed your apprenticeship in Germany, you can apply for a residence permit to find a job.Such a residence permit is valid for up to 12 months.
- Complete advanced training
There are also opportunities for advanced training after the apprenticeship. This will enable you to qualify for certain professions, advance professionally or become self-employed. Which advanced training is suitable depends on the profession and industry. In technical professions, for example, you can train to become a “state-certified technician”. In skilled trades, you can earn a master craftsman’s diploma. And in commercial professions, there is advanced training to become a specialist in business administration.
- Back to studies
You can also study again after your apprenticeship. Then you have the advantage that you already gained a lot of practical experience and thus have a different view on your studies.